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Science & Additional Commentary 

PARAGRAPH 2

 

All human beings—male and female—are created in the image of God. Each is a beloved spirit son or daughter of heavenly parents, and, as such, each has a divine nature and destiny. Gender is an essential characteristic of individual premortal, mortal, and eternal identity and purpose.

All human beings—male and female—are created in the image of God. Each is a beloved spirit son or daughter of heavenly parents, and, as such, each has a divine nature and destiny. Gender is an essential characteristic of individual premortal, mortal, and eternal identity and purpose.

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  • As many as 98% gender confused boys, 88% gender confused girls who were distressed about their biological sex came to accept it by late adolescence after passing naturally through puberty. The vast majority came to accept their biological sex by late adolescence after passing naturally through puberty. American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Arlington, VA, American Psychiatric Association, 2013 (p.451-459).  For more studies, see:  

  • The rate of suicide attempts for postoperative transsexuals (compared to control group) was nearly five times more frequent, and the likelihood of death by suicide was nineteen times higher – even after adjustment for prior psychiatric illness.  Cecilia Dhejne et al., “Long-term follow-up of transsexual persons undergoing sex reassignment surgery: cohort study in Sweden,” PLOS ONE 6, no. 2 (2011): e16885.

 

  • Mayo Clinic systematically reviewed studies on the outcomes of hormonal therapies used in sex-reassignment procedures, finding there was “very low quality evidence” sex reassignment using hormonal interventions “likely improves gender dysphoria, psychological functioning and comorbidities, sexual function and overall quality of life.”   Mohammad Hassan Murad et al., “Hormonal therapy and sex reassignment: a sys-tematic review and meta-analysis of quality of life and psychosocial outcomes,” Clinical Endocrinology 72 (2010): 214–231.

 

  • Individuals with transgender reassignment have a rate of suicide of 41%---22 times higher---than that of the overall US population.  Studies show a majority of transgender patients suffer from other comorbid (co-existing) disorders (including dissociative disorders).  Shira Maguen & Jillian C. Shipherd (2010) Suicide risk among transgender individuals, Psychology & Sexuality, 1:1, 34-43

 

  • In a study of social contagion and “rapid-onset gender dysphoria ” among teens and young adults, 87 percent of the young people studied became gender dysphoric after friends did, after increasing their time online, or both.  None of the young people studied would have met the American Psychiatric Association’s criteria for diagnosing childhood gender dysphoria.  But 62 percent had been diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder or neurodevelopmental disability before their gender dysphoria began.  Where popularity status and activities were known, 60.7 percent of the young people experienced an increased popularity within their friend group when they announced a transgender-identification.  
    Lisa Littman, “Rapid-onset gender dysphoria in adolescent and young adults:  A study of parental reports,” PLOS, August 2018.  

 

  • Transgender and gender-diverse adults are three to six times more likely as cisgender adults (individuals whose gender identity corresponds to their sex assigned at birth) to be diagnosed as autistic.  
    Warrier, V et al. “Elevated rates of autism, other neurodevelopmental and psychiatric diagnoses and autistic traits in transgender and gender-diverse individuals.” 
    Nature Communications; 7 Aug 2020; DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-17794-1

 

 

  • “…the four best designed and conducted studies that assessed quality of life before and after surgery using validated (albeit non-specific) psychometric studies did not demonstrate clinically significant changes or differences in psychometric test results after GRS [gender reassignment surgery].” Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services, “Decision Memo for Gender Dysphoria and Gender Reassignment Surgery,” CAG-00446N, August 30, 2016. 

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